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Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas

Bell Museum

Authors: Barbara Delany
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Locality: Cedar Creek Ecosystem Science Reserve
Abstract:

This checklist was complied by David Hartig, Nicholas Soldano and Ethan Verdegan, students in the Fall 2018 offering of PMB4321: Minnesota Flora under the supervision of Professor George Weiblen.  The checklist was originally complied by Barbara Delany and the Minnesota Department of Natural Resoruces. Plant names have been updated according to Anita Cholewa's Annotated Checklist of the Flora of Minnesota.


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Families: 116
Genera: 404
Species: 829
Total Taxa (details): 829

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Acalypha rhomboidea Rafinesque - diamond copperleaf
Acer negundo L. - ash leaf maple
Oak Savanna, À-cer, ancient Latin name; ne-gún-do, aboriginal name
Acer rubrum L. - red maple
Oak Savanna, À-cer, ancient Latin name; rù-brum, red
Acer saccharinum L. - soft maple
Achillea millefolium L. - common yarrow
Upland-Conifer Forest, Maple Family
Adiantum pedatum L. - northern maidenhair
Agalinis paupercula - smallflower false foxglove
Agalinis tenuifolia (Vahl) Rafinesque - slenderleaf false foxglove
Agastache foeniculum (Pursh) Kuntze - fragrant giant hyssop
Agrimonia gryposepala Wallroth - common hairy agrimony
Alisma triviale Pursh - common water plantain
Amaranthus albus L. - tumbleweed
Amaranthus retroflexus L. - redroot amaranth
Ambrosia trifida L. - giant ragweed
Amelanchier humilis Wiegand - low serviceberry
Amelanchier laevis Wiegand - smooth juneberry
Andromeda polifolia L. - bog rosemary
Oak Savanna, An-dro-pò-gon, from Greek aner, man, and pogon, beard; ge-rár-di-i, for Louis Gérhard, 1733-1819
Anemone canadensis L. - round leaf tumbleweed
Anemone cylindrica A. Gray - long headed thimbleweed
Anemone patens L. - cutleaf anemone
Anemone quinquefolia L. - two-leaf anemone
Anemone virginiana L. - tall thimbleweed
Antennaria neglecta Greene - field pussytoes
Antennaria parvifolia Nuttall - small-leaf pussytoes
Antennaria plantaginifolia (L.) Richardson - plantain leaved pussytoes
Apocynum androsaemifolium L. - spreading dogbane
Apocynum cannabinum L. - clasping dogbane
Aquilegia canadensis L. - red columbine
Arabidopsis lyrata (L.) O - lyrate rockcress
Arabis pycnocarpa M. Hopkins - creamflower rockcress
Aralia nudicaulis L. - wild sarsaparilla
Upland-Conifer Forest, Ginseng Family
Aralia racemosa L. - American spikenard
Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott - jack in the pulpit
Aristida basiramea Engelman ex Vasey - base branched three awn
Oak Savanna, A-rís-ti-da, form arista, a beard or awn; ba-si-rà-me-a, branching from base
Aristida tuberculosa Nuttall - sea beach needlegrass
Oak Savanna, A-rís-ti-da, form arista, a beard or awn; tu-ber-cu-lò-sa, bearing tubercles, from the enlarged bases of culms; threatened
Artemisia campestris L. - tall wormwood
Artemisia dracunculus L. - dragon wormwood
Artemisia ludoviciana Nuttall - white sagebrush or sage
Artemisia pontica L. - Roman wormwood
Asclepias incarnata L. - swamp milkweed
Asclepias syriaca L. - common milkweed
Asclepias tuberosa L. - butterfly milkweed
Asclepias verticillata L. - whorled milkweed
Asparagus officinalis L. - garden asparagus
Astragalus canadensis L. - Canadian milk vetch
Avena sativa L. - cultivated oats
Baptisia alba (L.) Vent - white wild indigo
Barbarea vulgaris W.T. Aiton - garden yellowrocket
Upland-Conifer Forest, Birch Family
Oak Savanna or Upland-Conifer Forest, Bé-tu-la, ancient Latin name; pa-py-rí-fe-ra, bearing paper, Birch Family
Betula pumila L. - bog birch
Betula x sandbergii Britton - Sandberg's birch
Bidens cernua L. - nodding bur marigold
Bidens frondosa L. - leafy beggar ticks
Bromus ciliatus L. - fringed brome
Bromus inermis Leysser - Hungarian brome
Oak Savanna, Brò-mus, ancient Greek name; i-nér-mis, unarmed or without awns
Bromus tectorum L. - downy chess
Calla palustris L. - wild calla
Campanula aparinoides Pursh - marsh bellflower
Campanula rapunculoides L. - European bellflower
Caragana arborescens Lamarck - Siberian peashrub
Carex bicknellii Britton - Bicknell’s sedge
Carex buxbaumii Wahlenberg - Buxbaum’s sedge
Carex canescens L. - gray bog sedge
Carex comosa Boott - bristly sedge
Carex crawfordii Fernald - Crawford’s sedge
Carex cryptolepis Mackenzie - northeastern sedge
Carex debilis Michaux - white edge sedge
Carex diandra Schrank - bog panicled sedge
Carex disperma Dewey - two seed bog sedge
Carex foenea Willdenow - bronze headed sedge
Carex haydenii Dewey - long scale tussock sedge
Carex inops L.H. Bailey - long-stolon sedge
Carex intumescens Rudge - greater bladder sedge
Carex lacustris Willdenow - common lake sedge
Carex lasiocarpa Ehrhart - woollyfruit sedge
Carex leptalea Wahlenberg - bristlystalked sedge
Carex limosa L. - candle lantern sedge
Carex lupulina Willdenow - hop umbrella sedge
Carex magellanica Lamarck - boreal bog sedge
Carex meadii Dewey - Mead’s sedge
Carex oligosperma Michaux - bog wiregrass sedge
Carex pensylvanica Lamarck - sun loving sedge
Carex prairea Dewey - prairie sedge
Carex pseudocyperus L. - cypress sedge
Carex richardsonii R. Brown - prairie hummock sedge
Carex rostrata Stokes - northern yellow lake sedge
Carex sartwellii Dewey - running marsh sedge
Carex stricta Lamarck - tussock sedge
Carex tenera Dewey - marsh straw sedge
Carex trisperma Dewey - three seed bog sedge
Carex vesicaria L. - inflated sedge
Carex vulpinoidea Michaux - yellowfruit sedge
Carpinus caroliniana Walter - American hornbeam
Ceanothus americanus L. - New Jersey tea
Celastrus scandens L. - American bittersweet
Cerastium fontanum Baumgarten - common mouse-ear chickweed
Chelone glabra L. - white turtlehead
Chenopodium album L. - common pigweed
Chenopodium desiccatum A. Nelson - narrow leaf goosefoot
Upland-Conifer Forest, Shin-leaf Family
Cicuta bulbifera L. - bulblet-bearing water hemlock
Cicuta maculata L. - spotted water hemlock
Circaea alpina L. - small enchanter's nightshade
Circaea lutetiana L. - broadleaf enchanter's nightshade
Cirsium muticum Michaux - swamp thistle
Upland-Conifer Forest, Lily Family
Comarum palustre L. - purple marshlocks
Commelina communis L. - Asiatic dayflower
Convallaria majalis L. - European lily of the valley
Convolvulus arvensis L. - field bindweed
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisbury - threeleaf goldthread
Coreopsis lanceolata L. - sand coreopsis
Cornus alternifolia L. f. - pagoda dogwood
Upland-Conifer Forest, Dogwood Family
Cornus racemosa Lamarck - panicled dogwood
Oak Savanna, Cór-nus, from Latin cornu, horn, because of the hard wood; ra-ce-mò-sa, racemose
Cornus rugosa Lamarck - roundleaf dogwood
Upland-Conifer Forest, Dogwood Family
Cornus sericea L. - redosier dogwood
Corydalis sempervirens (L.) Persoon - pink and yellow corydalis
Oak Savanna or Upland-Conifer Forest, Có-ry-lus, the ancient name, perhaps from the Greek corys, a helmet, for the shape of the involucre around the nut; a-me-ri-cà-na, American
Corylus cornuta Marshall - beaked hazelnut
Upland-Conifer Forest, Birch Family
Crepis tectorum L. - yellow hawk's beard
Cuscuta cephalanthi Englemann - buttonbush dodder
Cyperus bipartitus Torrey - brook nutsedge
Cyperus diandrus Torrey - sedge galingale
Cyperus esculentus L. - yellow nutsedge
Cyperus odoratus L. - fragrant cyperus
Cyperus squarrosus L. - awned umbrellasedge
Cyperus strigosus L. - straw colored umbrellasedge
Cypripedium acaule Aiton - stemless lady slipper
Cypripedium arietinum R. Brown - ram’s head lady’s slipper
Cypripedium parviflorum Salisbury - greater yellow lady
Cypripedium reginae Walter - showy lady's slipper
Dactylis glomerata L. - barnyardgrass
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow - white prairie clover
Dalea candida var. candida - white prairie clover
Dalea purpurea Ventenat - purple prairie clover
Dalea villosa (Nuttall) Sprengel - silky prairie clover
Delphinium carolinianum Walter - Carolina larkspur
Desmodium canadense (L.) DeCandolle - Canadian tick trefoil
Dianthus barbatus L. - sweet william
Dianthus deltoides L. - maiden pink
Dicentra cucullaria (L.) Bernhardi - dutchman’s breeches
Diervilla lonicera Miller - northern bush honeysuckle
Upland-Conifer Forest, Honeysuckle Family
Drosera rotundifolia L. - roundleaf sundew
Dulichium arundinaceum L. - threeway sedge
Echinochloa walteri (Pursh) A. Heller - coastal barnyard grass
Eleocharis compressa Sullivant - flattened spikerush
Elsholtzia ciliata (Thunberg) Hylander - crested latesummer mint
Elymus canadensis L. - Canada wildrye
Elymus hystrix L. - eastern bottlebrush grass
Epilobium ciliatum Raf. - American willowherb
Epilobium coloratum Biehler - eastern willowherb
Epilobium leptophyllum Rafinesque - linear leaved willowherb
Epilobium palustre L. - marsh willowherb
Equisetum arvense L. - field horsetail
Equisetum fluviatile L. - river horsetail
Equisetum hyemale L. - scouringrush horsetail
Equisetum laevigatum A. Braun - smooth scouring rush
Equisetum sylvaticum L. - woods horsetail
Equisetum x ferrissii Clute - Ferriss’ scouring-rush
Erigeron philadelphicus L. - Philadelphia fleabane
Eriophorum vaginatum L. - tussock cottongrass
Eriophorum virginicum L. - tawny cottongrass
Erysimum cheiranthoides L. - wormseed mustard
Eupatorium perfoliatum L. - purple boneset
Euphorbia corollata L. - flowering spurge
Euphorbia glyptosperma Engelmann - ridge-seeded spurge
Euphorbia maculata L. - prostrate hairy spurge
Euthamia graminifolia (L.) Nuttall - grass leaf goldenrod
Fallopia cilinodis (Michaux) Holub - fringed false buckwheat
Fallopia scandens (L.) Holub - climbing knotweed
Festuca rubra L. - red fescue
Fragaria vesca L. - woodland strawberry
Fragaria virginiana Duchesne - soft-stem spikerush
Oak Savanna, Fra-gàr-i-a, Latin name from fraga, because of the fragrance of the fruit; vir-gi-ni-à-na, Virginian
Frangula alnus Mill. - alder buckthorn
Oak Savanna, Frá-xi-nus, ancient Latin name; nì-gra, black
Oak Savanna, Frá-xi-nus, ancient Latin name; penn-syl-vá-ni-ca, of Pennsylvania
Galeopsis tetrahit L. - split lip hemp nettle
Galium asprellum Michaux - rough bedstraw
Galium boreale L. - northern bedstraw
Galium tinctorium L. - stiff marsh bedstraw
Galium trifidum L. - threepetal bedstraw
Galium triflorum Michaux - fragrant bedstraw
Upland-Conifer Forest, Heath Family
Gentiana andrewsii Grisebach - closed bottle gentian
Gentiana rubricaulis Schweinitz - Great Lakes gentian
Gentianopsis crinita (Froelich) Ma - greater fringed gentian
Gentianopsis virgata (Raf.) Holub - soft-stem spikerush
Gentianopsis virgata subsp. virgata - lesser fringed gentian
Geranium bicknellii Britton - northern crane's bill
Geranium maculatum L. - wild geranium
Geum aleppicum Jacquin - yellow avens
Geum triflorum Pursh - prairie smoke
Glechoma hederacea L. - creeping charlie
Glyceria canadensis (Michaux) Trinius - rattlesnake mannagrass
Glyceria grandis S. Watson - American mannagrass
Goodyera pubescens (Willdenow) R. Brown - downy rattlesnake orchid
Goodyera repens (L.) R. Brown - lesser rattlesnake orchid
Gypsophila paniculata L. - perennial baby
Hedeoma hispida Pursh - maka chiaka (Dakota)
Helianthus annuus L. - wahcha zizi (Dakota)
Helianthus giganteus L. - swamp sunflower
Helianthus petiolaris Nuttall - prairie sunflower
Hesperis matronalis L. - dames rocket
Hieracium aurantiacum L. - orange king devil
Hieracium scabrum Michaux - sticky hawkweed
Hieracium umbellatum L. - rough hawkweed
Hordeum jubatum L. - foxtail barley
Hordeum vulgare L. - Nepal barley
Hudsonia tomentosa Nuttall - sand golden heather
Hydrophyllum virginianum L. - eastern waterleaf
Hypericum majus (A.Gray) Britton - large St. Johnswort
Hypoxis hirsuta (L.) Coville - eastern yellow star grass
Ilex verticillata (L.) A. Gray - common winterberry
Impatiens capensis Meerburgh - spotted touch me not
Iris versicolor L. - northern blue flag
Juglans nigra L. - hma (Dakota)
Juncus bufonius L. - seaside rush
Juncus canadensis J. Gay - Canadian rush
Juncus dudleyi Wiegand - Dudley’s rush
Juncus nodosus L. - knotty rush
Juncus pelocarpus E. Meyer - brownfruit rush
Juncus vaseyi Engelmann - Vasey’s rush
Juniperus communis L. - common juniper
Juniperus virginiana L. - eastern red-cedar
Krigia biflora (Walter) S.F. Blake - two flowered cynthia
Lactuca biennis (Moench) Fernald - biennial blue lettuce
Lactuca canadensis L. - Canada wild lettuce
Lactuca pulchella (Pursh) DC. - beautiful blue lettuce
Lactuca serriola L. - prickly lettuce
Lathyrus ochroleucus Hooker - cream vetchling
Lathyrus palustris L. - marsh vetchling
Lemna minor L. - lesser duckweed
Lemna trisulca L. - star duckweed
Lepidium densiflorum Schrader - green flowered peppergrass
Lepidium virginicum L. - Virginia pepperweed
Oak Savanna, Lep-to-lò-ma, from leptos, slender, and loma, border; cog-nà-tum, related, because once believed to be closely related to Panicum capillare
Lespedeza capitata Michx. - round headed bush clover
Liatris aspera Michaux - rough blazing star
Lilium lancifolium Thunberg - lance leaf tiger lily
Linaria vulgaris Miller - butter and eggs
Lindernia dubia (L.) Pennell - yellow seed false pimpernel
Linnaea borealis L. - twinflower
Listera cordata (L.) R. Brown - heartleaf twayblade
Lobelia siphilitica L. - great lobelia
Lobelia spicata Lamarck - palespike lobelia
Lolium perenne L. - English ryegrass
Lonicera caerulea L. - sweetberry honeysuckle
Lonicera dioica L. - wild honeysuckle
Lonicera tatarica L. - Tatarian honeysuckle
Lotus corniculatus L. - bird's-foot trefoil
Ludwigia palustris (L.) Elliott - common water primrose
Lupinus perennis L. - wild lupine
Lycopodium annotinum L. - bristly clubmoss
Upland-Conifer Forest, Clubmoss Family
Lycopodium clavatum L. - common clubmoss
Upland-Conifer Forest, Clubmoss Family
Upland-Conifer Forest, Clubmoss Family
Lycopodium dendroideum Michaux - round branched groundpine
Lycopodium lucidulum - shining fir moss
Lycopodium obscurum L. - flat branched tree clubmoss
Upland-Conifer Forest, Clubmoss Family
Lycopus uniflorus Michaux - northern water horehound
Lysimachia ciliata L. - fringed loosestrife
Lysimachia thyrsiflora L. - swamp loosestrife
Maianthemum canadense Desfontaines - false lily of the valley
Upland-Conifer Forest, Lily Family
Maianthemum stellatum (L.) Link - yapi' zapi hu (Lakota)
Maianthemum trifolium (L.) Sloboda - three leaved FALSE solomon's seal
Malaxis unifolia Michaux - green adder’s-mouth orchid
Malus pumila Mill. - paradise apple
Medicago lupulina L. - black medick
Menispermum canadense L. - Canadian moonseed
Mentha arvensis L. - ceya'ka (Lakota)
Micranthes pensylvanica (L.) Haworth - eastern swamp saxifrage
Milium effusum L. - American milletgrass
Mimulus ringens L. - Allegheny monkey flower
Mitchella repens L. - partridgeberry
Upland-Conifer Forest, Madder Family
Mitella nuda L. - bare stem bishop
Mollugo verticillata L. - Indian chickweed
Moluccella laevis L. - bells of Ireland
Monarda fistulosa L. - wahpe' was'tem'na (Dakota)
Monarda punctata L. - spotted beebalm
Monotropa hypopitys L. - many flowered Indian pipe
Myriophyllum sibiricum Komarov - common watermilfoil
Nasturtium officinale W.T. Aiton - small leaved watercress
Nuphar variegata Durand - yellow pond-lily
Nymphaea odorata Aiton - fragrant waterlily
Oenothera biennis L. - hairy evening primrose
Oenothera parviflora L. - small flowered evening primrose
Onoclea sensibilis L. - sensitive fern
Ophioglossum pusillum Rafinesque - northern adder's tongue
Orthilia secunda (L.) House - one sided pyrola
Upland-Conifer Forest, Grass Family
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